Marble is a rather expensive stone that requires proper maintenance. From time to time, marble products should be looked after using special synthetic compounds. Also, due to its properties, marble is recommended to be polished. In this article, let’s look at the detailed technology for polishing marble at home and the main methods of caring for this natural material.
How do you make homemade marble shine? There are four stages of making your marble shine:
- Preparatory work
- Marble grinding
- Marble polishing
- Crystallization process
Let’s get into details of the process of making marble shine.
How Do You Naturally Shine Marble? How Do You Restore the Shine to Marble Countertops?
If you want to naturally shine marble, you need to do polishing with wax and similar means and special cleaners. Neutral detergents are perfect, which, without damaging the surface, thoroughly clean it of all kinds of dirt. After removing them, you can proceed directly to restoring the gloss of your marble product.
A wax-based product will help to polish the stone efficiently without damaging it. Moreover, it prevents slipping when it comes to restoring the appearance of the floor. You can also use a special paste. Both products will protect the marble from moisture and other influences that can damage it.
Pros of wax polishes:
- You can hide minor defects, restore the shine of a tarnished polished surface quickly, inexpensively and with little effort;
- Home care kit can be used at home.
Cons of wax polishes:
- Such shine is short-lived; with regular cleaning, the polish is washed off with water and detergents;
- The surface becomes too slippery;
- Professional products are not recommended for household use.
Can you polish marble with baking soda? You can even polish marble with baking soda: Add 3 tablespoons of soda to 0.9 litres of water, mix thoroughly and apply the mixture in a thin layer on the surface for 5 hours. Then remove the residue with warm water. Wax-based pastes and products are better for figurines and other small decorative items, and soda is better for flat surfaces.
For pouring and glueing white marble, which needs to be treated with special attention, a transparent resin with a low viscosity, which belongs to the category of polyester-based mastic adhesives, is perfect. Using it, you will not need to worry about the safety of the product, and it will take less time to give it shine.
If you need to sand a large surface, you will need a special machine. This process is laborious and takes a lot of time. On the Internet, you can easily find the technology for such grinding, but still remember the main rule: in this matter, it is better to put insufficient effort than too much — marble does not tolerate carelessness.
How to Polish Marble Counter Tops by Hand Video Guide
Marble Polishing Technology
If you do not want to resort to rough types of marble polishing, it is necessary to keep it clean at all times and prevent the penetration of dirt into the surface, as polishing marble yourself is a rather difficult job.
For the polishing procedure, you will need the following materials and equipment: sandpaper of different numbers, soft cloth, pumice, grinding equipment or a marble polishing machine, crystallizer, paraffin, a drill with special attachments, abrasive tools, two-component glue, sand and stone care products with wax content.
As a rule, so-called abrasive and diamond wheels are used for polishing marble. The diamond bendable wheel can be used to grind and polish hard-to-reach surfaces. For even and flat surfaces, it is more rational to use cutters. Abrasive tools can be manufactured in the form of brushes, fibre discs and cups.
Moreover, with these tools, you can process marble either manually or using the equipment. There are special machines available, but they are very expensive and there is no point in buying them for small marble surfaces. It is better to use a standard grinder, called a grinder, and flexible diamond discs.
But if you have some concerns about the quality of work, or you do not know which tool is best suited, try to assess the depth of defects and damage on the surface. It is also recommended to choose tools based on the result you want to get in the end. In addition, before starting work, you can always test the operation of the marble polishing equipment in an inconspicuous place.
First, you should carefully examine the surface so that you can remove minor defects. If chippings appear on the material, it is necessary to apply a resin or cement-lime filling. You can also seal them with liquid glass. If some parts of the stone have broken off, you should glue them together with synthetic resin glue.
To do this, it is necessary to select an adhesive that will match the marble in colour and transparency, since the composition should be invisible on natural inclusions. Cracks can be repaired using special mastics, which are made on the basis of the above adhesives or vinyl chloride varnish. During glueing and filling of cracks, it is advisable to use additional fastening with brackets made of copper or stainless steel.
Grinding is one of the important stages in the processing of marble surfaces. If you want to enjoy your marble for a long time, you should not neglect this procedure, which significantly increases the service life of the marble. Before starting sanding, you must vacuum, organic solvents or use detergents. Rinse the surface well with a cloth and water.
Immediately before sanding, the surface is moistened with fine sandpaper. If there are irregularities and noticeable differences on the surface, first use coarse abrasives such as grinding wheels and abrasives. If you want your marble to shine and look smooth, you should use multiple numbers of abrasives, as shown in the marble polishing video.
The sanding process can be divided into three stages: rough sanding, normal sanding and lapping. To give the stone a monolithic look, it is necessary to remove a fairly large layer of material. The recommended thickness is three millimetres. It is better to polish the floor with special machines.
For small items, they can be sanded with fine sandpaper. For sanding, you can also use pumice or fine sand as auxiliary materials. If you plan on grinding marble on a machine, it is recommended to use a lead, copper or cast iron wheel.
Before you start polishing your marble, you need to clean the surface well. Polishing is carried out with fine rubbed iron oxide and sulfur. Apply the powder and rub the surface with a piece of leather until it shines. After that, the stone should be sprinkled with paraffin and gently rubbed with a dry soft canvas. Thus, you can give it a good shine and protect it from harmful environmental influences.
If you are going to polish a marble product on a machine, you must remove the faceplate and plastic case, and then rinse them thoroughly. Then the clean parts can be put back and polishing can begin. To do this, according to the marble polishing technology, you should fix the polishing wheel and pour a pinch of powder on it, which must be moistened with water and rubbed in a circle.
It is recommended to use zinc, diamond dust, aluminium or chromium oxide as a polishing powder. Then you can turn on the motor and slowly polish the material. You can also use felt or cloth for polishing. Circles with a thickness of ten to twenty millimetres should be made from these materials. The circles must be glued to the cast-iron faceplate using shellac or sealing wax.
A rubber sheet should be inserted between the polishing material and the metal. Before polishing, slightly moisten felt, felt or cloth circles. When working on the machine, the material should be carefully brought up and pressed. In this case, the hand should move against the rotation of the circle. For additional protection, the marble surface should be polished with a polymer coating to obtain the desired result.
These marble polishes are more durable than wax polishes, but a more thorough cleaning of the surface must be done before application, as even a drop of grease can cause the coating to peel off later. If you process the surface in this way, then provide the material with additional protection.
In order to check the quality of polishing, wipe the polished surface with a clean cloth and stand near an electric lamp. On the surface of the marble, try to find the reflection of a lamp. If you can see it, then you managed to polish the marble well.
Pros of crystallization:
- After its implementation, the surface of the stone becomes stronger (resistance to abrasion increases by more than 2 times);
- The surface becomes smooth and shiny;
- The surface of the stone practically does not absorb water (water absorption is reduced by at least 10 times);
- When crystallization is carried out on a previously used floor (in the absence of significant damage), the stone regains its former colour and shine. The colour becomes more “lively”;
- Crystallized floors are much easier to care for;
- The slip coefficient is reduced by an average of 20%.
Cons of crystallization:
- Crystallization is a complex technology; only specialists with the necessary experience and equipment can carry it out correctly;
- Crystallization cannot be carried out on all types of marble. It depends on the presence of impurities, the amount and state of calcium in the marble.
You can also choose a chemical technology for polishing the marble surface, in which the surface is impregnated with crystallizers. These weakly acidic substances heal scratches and harden the surface. After crystallization, the polishing quality is significantly improved. This is reflected in the mirror shine of the marble floor.
As a result of this treatment, a very durable coating is formed, which is in no way inferior in hardness to the original marble. This type of treatment is recommended for use in places with high traffic of people (if it is a floor). By the way, you can use classic detergents to clean this floor, but don’t walk too much.
For crystallization at home, you will need a special rotary machine with one disc, as well as powders and concentrates. Before crystallization, it is necessary to carry out a mandatory cleaning of the floor. After that, a mixture of concentrate should be made and such a paste for polishing marble should be applied to the desired area. Crystallization of marble is carried out before the mixture dries.
In order for the stone to acquire its original gloss, it is necessary to treat it with the machine about fifteen times. When crystallization is over, the mixture will feel like sour cream and the car will start to move faster. If you want to work on a large area of marble flooring, you need to subdivide the sections and work in turn. To maintain the gloss after crystallization, periodically clean the surface with detergent.
How to Polish Marble Tile Edges
How Do You Keep Marble Shiny?
If you want to do keep marble shiny, you need to know how to care for it.
- To care for the stone, you need to use special acid-free detergents. Before applying the solution, it is advisable to test it in an inconspicuous place. Use a piece of suede to remove dust and streaks from marble.
- To quickly clean the marble, prepare a gum arabic solution and apply it to the surface with a brush. When it is completely dry, remove from the surface, together with it it will “pull” all the dirt.
- If you have marble flooring in your hallway, place a carpet to protect it from regular stress.
- If you see a stain on the stone, try to remove it immediately: blot with a cloth and wash it with water. Remember to dry, but don’t rub too vigorously with a rag.
- To remove stains from cosmetics, grease or oil, you need to use a special paste. If the stains are biological, then use a mould-fighting product.
- If white stains (calcium spots) appear on the marble surface, then they should be removed with a concentrated acid-base solution. After processing, cloudy stains will appear on the marble. In this case, the marble should be resurfaced again, its price may be slightly lower than in the initial processing.
- If you want to keep the shine of the marble longer, then the surface must be periodically treated with protective agents: wax or silicone.
- To protect the marble floor from coffee or tea, the surface should be treated with a water-repellent treatment.