A wool carpet in the living room, children’s room or bedroom is always stylish, cosy and modern. However, in order for a carpet made of natural wool to retain its original appearance longer, it must be properly looked after and cleaned. What is included in the care of natural wool? What should you avoid to avoid ruining your carpet? What to do if you accidentally stain your wool carpet?
Are wool carpets easy to clean? Yes, wool carpets are very easy to clean since they do not require any special cleaning techniques. Just try to remove the stain while it is fresh. Blot it with a dry cloth or paper towels. And do not rub the carpet too hard, especially against the lint as the lint will be damaged.
Now let’s dive into some useful tips on how to keep your wool carpet sparkling clean. If you are not sure whether wool carpets are worth the money, read my research.
How Do You Clean a Wool carpet?
- Try to remove the stain from a wool carpet while it is fresh. Blot it with a dry cloth or paper towels. Dissolve with water or sweep over it with a cleaning vacuum cleaner.
- Do not rub the wool carpet too hard, especially against the lint as the lint will be damaged. It is better to choose a different cleaning detergent if something does not work.
- If you are not sure whether you can use a new household chemical for cleaning your wool carpet, try it on a small area and see what it does to the carpet.
- Silk, wool or half-wool carpets are not recommended for cleaning with hard brushes and liquids. It would be more correct to pick up the powder.
- Do not overfill the carpet with water — there is a risk of mould or mildew formation.
- Light-coloured wool carpets cannot be cleaned with dye products, and dark fabrics with damp baking soda, lemon juice or other substances that can bleach or leave streaks. You also need to be careful with prints and bright fabrics as you may have to buy household chemicals for coloured items.
How to Clean a Wool Carpet without a Vacuum Cleaner
There are several ways to clean your wool carpet without a vacuum cleaner:
- Snow. In winter, rub the wool carpet with snow and leave it outside for some time. Frost also helps to get rid of dust mites.
- A regular brush with long, stiff bristles. You can moisten it a little with water.
- Baking soda. Sprinkle the baking soda evenly and leave for half an hour. Vacuum up the powder. If the pile is long, do it several times.
- Sawdust. They are rubbed in with a dry brush. When the layer darkens, it is removed, and the coating is vacuumed. Repeat the procedure if necessary.
- If dry treatment does not help, you can wash the carpet right at home. Can you wet clean wool carpets? You can wet clean wool carpets only if you have a big stain that cannot be removed in some other way. However, since it is very difficult to dry dense carpet on the floor, you should not use a lot of water. It is easiest to process the product with household chemicals.
But you can also make a cleaning agent yourself.
- Soap solution.
Dissolve 5-6 g of laundry soap in one and a half litres of water. Do not pour everything on the floor, but spray from a spray bottle or treat the surface with a sponge, brush, cloth soaked in liquid.
- Baking soda.
Baking soda with warm water: 1 glass per 10 litres. For a small area, you can make it smaller, keeping the proportions. Spray the solution from a spray bottle. Rub into the carpet if necessary. Wait until it is completely dry and vacuum clean.
- Baking soda and vinegar.
How do you clean a wool carpet with vinegar? To clean a wool carpet with vinegar and baking soda, you need to sprinkle baking soda and vinegar evenly over the coating, wait 30 minutes and remove. Mix one tablespoon of vinegar with one glass of warm water and spray with a spray bottle. Wait half an hour and remove food residues with a brush.
How Do I Protect My Wool Carpet?
In order to protect your wool carpet, you need to keep it away from its main enemies:
Wool is characterized by high hygroscopicity which is the ability to absorb moisture from the air, therefore it is not recommended to lay a hand-made wool carpet in damp rooms. Prolonged wetting of the canvas leads to the multiplication of bacteria in the pores of the natural pile, the appearance of a putrid odour and the gradual destruction of fibres.
Natural wool, unlike synthetics, is susceptible to the influence of fungus and moths. Thanks to the scaly structure of natural fibres, mould penetrates deep into the pile. “Stubborn” fungal spores are difficult to remove without spoiling the colour or damaging the wool fibres.
Hot water and steam.
Temperatures above + 40 ° C are contraindicated in wool, as it leads to deformation of wool fibres and loss of colour.
Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight will cause the colours of a wool carpet to fade.
Chlorine bleaches and aggressive stain removers.
Since acid-based dyes are mainly used for dyeing wool carpets, the use of powerful bleaches and stain removers can damage the colour component of a wool carpet and make the fibres coarse and brittle.
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Can You Get a Wool Carpet Dry Cleaned?
Luckily, you can get a wool carpet dry-cleaned. However, you need to remember that given the properties of wool, hand-woven carpets must be dry-cleaned with extreme care and strict rules. The pH of dry chemical solvents should not exceed 7, so as not to damage the colour and structure of the pile. Avoid high temperatures, prolonged wetting and prolonged drying of the carpet.
Useful recommendation: for dry cleaning, choose cleaning companies specializing in oriental carpets and giving a 100% guarantee of the result and the safety of the carpet.
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How Do You Care for a New Wool Carpet?
To make your carpet look like new, you need to start caring for it just after the purchase. Here are some useful tips on how to care for a new wool carpet:
- Carpets made from natural materials should not be laid in rooms with high humidity, as wool is afraid of dampness.
- The surface of the carpet should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Shade windows during sundial to maintain rich colour and prevent tarnishing.
- Avoid placing heavy furniture, such as cabinets, on a wool rug. Then there will be no dents on it. As a last resort, place wooden or metal plates under the legs of the furniture to protect the pile from marks.
- To slow down the wear of the carpet and make it more even, it is recommended to change its position in the room every 4-5 months. Just rotate it 90 or 180 degrees. Then you will not get coverage with beaten paths.
- Do not walk on your wool carpet wearing shoes. Do not let pets, guests or household members in shoes on it.
- Do not eat or drink on the carpet to prevent food particles and stains from reaching the pile.
- It is best if the wool carpet is located as far as possible from the entrance doors.
- Store the wool carpet rolled up with moth repellent inside. Do not fold it in four to avoid deformation of the pile.
- Do not rub the carpet with a brush too hard, as wool may come out of it for the first time after purchase. If the carpet continues to shed after some time, make sure it is not exposed to the heater. Perhaps the coating is in a room with high humidity or insect pests have gotten in the wool. A special spray will help against insects.
- Does your wool rug have a cotton backing? In this case, wet cleaning is not recommended, which can damage the product.
- Handmade carpets should be cleaned very carefully, strictly following the manufacturer’s instructions.
Turkish carpets, unlike the Belgian ones, do not need any special care. But Persian models are very capricious. It is advisable to clean them only in dry cleaning.
How long should a wool carpet last? A wool carpet should last from 20 to 50 years provided that it is properly looked after. It is necessary to clearly know how to care for a wool carpet at home.
The properties of wool are familiar to everyone — it is light and warm, this material has the property of hygroscopicity, it quickly absorbs moisture.
Because of this, wool carpets cannot cover the surfaces of rooms with high humidity, be cleaned with a steam generator or moisturized.
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If you do not clean the wool carpet properly, it will lead to negative consequences, such as
- mould growth;
- musty smell;
- rotting in the presence of a cotton base;
- the smearing of paint on the material;
- dumping and tangling of the pile;
That said, wool carpets have excellent dirt and moisture-resistant qualities and are unpretentious in maintenance. It is enough to vacuum the carpet as it gets dirty, preferably on both sides. When cleaning, try to spend enough time in each area of the carpet to thoroughly remove dust from the fibres. You can use neutral detergent with a pH of 5.0-8.0.
- Dissolve a couple of caps of detergent in a bucket of cold water.
- Put the solution on the carpet and rub gently with a clean sponge.
- Rinse the carpet with clean water.
- Dry your carpet with clean towels or napkins.
- Let it dry naturally. Do not use heating devices or steam cleaners under any circumstances as the high temperature may deform the fibres and the carpet will “shrink”.
Keep in mind that all-purpose products are most often designed for artificial carpets and are not suitable for natural wool due to their aggressiveness. Bleach should also be avoided: as a rule, wool carpets are dyed with natural dyes that are easily washed out. By the way, for the same reason, they are afraid of prolonged direct sun and paint can fade from bright rays.
On average, a natural wool carpet should be wet cleaned no more than once every 1–1.5 years. If it is problematic to do it at home, it is better to contact a cleaning company that provides carpet dry cleaning services. Special detergents will help to gently clean the carpet from dust and dirt, and the drying equipment will ensure proper drying of the carpet without deformation and mould.
Carpets made from natural wool are popular. It is a perfect interior decoration and a great investment. With proper use, the carpet will last for many years. It will not lose its quality and attractive appearance. The main thing is to know how to clean up dirt and take care of the carpet.